What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that affects a large percentage of people worldwide. It is often one of the main causes of death in different countries and one of the causes of impairments such as blindness, kidney disease, and heart problems. One of the principal treatments is nutrition because proper nutritional practices can help to reduce all the consequences, as well as restore the quality of life of the sufferer. Nutritionists have found that a diet rich in protein and carbohydrates and low in fat can counteract the risks associated with the disease.

Diabetes can be caused by genetic, metabolic, and dietary factors. Increases in glucose consumption and a malfunctioning metabolism for the processing of fats and other substances can be a factor in the existence of this disease in a person. Although there are variations in diabetes, i.e., there are different types, they all have one thing in common, and that is the fact that they have secondary hyperglycemia due to insulin resistance or lack of insulin.

The types of diabetes that exist are divided into type I and II. The first group may also be called gestational, which is characterized by insulin insufficiency. Type II is the most common of all, 90% of cases are associated with this type of diabetes and has two main arguments: insulin resistance and alteration of beta cells. It has been observed that people with glucose tolerance tend to be more likely to develop into a type of diabetes, which may also have cardiovascular disease.

Certain environmental and genetic factors may contribute to the onset of this disease. Referring to environmental factors such as lack of exercise, diets rich in fat and weight problems such as obesity.

Most of the symptoms of diabetes are related to the accumulation of glucose in different tissues of the body, and if this problem evolves, it can cause blurred vision, weight loss, irritability and lack of energy. In adults, these symptoms are usually progressive, while in children, they can occur in a couple of days. The administration of insulin is essential to treat this disease as it can lower the high concentration of glucose in the blood. If this increase is not controlled, it can affect brain functions permanently. Another factor that can cause an increase in blood sugar is the lack of food, the intake of alcohol without previous food or physical work that exceeds the capacity of the person.

Another part of the body that can be affected by diabetes is the dental structure and the oral cavity itself. Many of the first symptoms can be visualized from this part since the change of consistency in the saliva, irritation of the buccal tissues and buccal pains are some of the early signs. People who have any diabetes are more susceptible to periodontal problems, so it is necessary to consult a specialist to treat the problem. Although many people have the notion that visiting a professional can be expensive, it is advised that you look for the best dentist prices.

It should be noted that diabetes is a disease that is consuming the body in a surprising way, so it is necessary for the person to go to a doctor to lead a treatment that allows you to lead a more comfortable life. The visit to a nutritionist is essential so that the professional can advise the patient about the food to be consumed and finally, the dentist will allow him to treat oral problems that can be caused by diabetes.