Thyroid Disorders

The thyroid gland is located at the top of the trachea and consists of a structure made up of two lobes connected by a thin layer of tissue. This small gland has the function of regulating body temperature, energy consumption, and in the case of children, growth. This gland has an exceptional role because it also regulates and secretes vital hormones for the human body. So, commonly, there is a problem with this small structure of the body.

The alterations of the thyroid can be by a defect in its function or by the excessive use, any of these two events, can generate significant problems that trigger in the damage of some functionalities of the body. There is really no specific reason why a person may have alterations in the thyroid, but much is related to genetics. Another reason is that the organism creates an autoimmunity phenomenon in which antithyroid antibodies are developed; that is, the organism itself secretes substances that affect its tissues.

It was mentioned earlier that there are two reasons why thyroid disease may occur. The first is due to increased function, known as hyperthyroidism. The symptoms of this condition are:

  • Tachycardias and alterations in the cardiac rhythm
  • Increased sweating and nervousness
  • Weight loss
  • Enlarged thyroid glands
  • Fragile nails
  • Loss of muscle mass

On the other hand, decreased thyroid function, known as hypothyroidism, may result:

  • Mental fatigue
  • Weight gain
  • Constipation
  • Delayed eruption – in these cases you can go to Dr. Mexico dental clinic
  • Dry skin

To be able to treat these ailments, the diet is elemental since certain foods cannot be consumed, even though currently there are no scientific bases that affirm that the increase of a particular food improves the conditions of the patient, one of the necessary products in the diet is iodine. This element allows the normal functioning of the thyroid in case of hypothyroidism, but as in any food, it is necessary not to consume too much because it would be counterproductive. It has been observed that those individuals who have a correct diet, in many cases will not depend or need to consume products based on iodine because other foods within their plan complement the iodine deficiency.

For the treatment to be beneficial for the patient, it is recommended that he or she be punctual in taking his or her medications, with the objective of achieving a balance in the organism. Certain foods can affect the function of medicine, so the person should avoid consuming it with products such as:

  • Nuts
  • Supplements
  • Cholesterol Medications
  • Antacids
  • Legumes such as soybeans
  • Vegetables such as broccoli and cauliflower
  • Fruits such as citrus and melón

However, foods such as iodized salt, fish, grapes, pears or quince are recommended. A balanced diet is necessary, so the person should eat foods belonging to all groups: dairy, cereals, protein foods, fats, etc.. And the most important thing is that the person goes to an endocrinologist to help manage their problem, as well as visit other specialists who can improve different aspects that the symptoms of this disease have caused in the body.